Will 2013 Mark the Beginning Of The American Decline?
The article below provides just one in the latest effort to predict when if ever, America’s chickens will really come home to roost, in the sense of when if ever will America be replaced as the world’s dominant economic super power?
As the article makes note, several pretenders have surfaced over the years but none have accomplished the pinnacle of supplanting America’s economic might. As the writer probably correctly points out, while it will be difficult for any country to manage this feat, the fact is that for the first time America is in a very precarious position, one which might prove to be the death knell in America’s economic dominance.
Never before has America had a President and Congress that places political ideology over the good of the country as has been the case with Barack Obama and members of the Democrat party. In fact, many on the right would argue that, given much of Obama’s past, it is not too outlandish to believe that he is intentionally trying to bring America down a notch or two in order to remedy what he sees as past misdeeds, nationally and certainly internationally, under our capitalist system. If this is true, which often seems the case given how Obama deals with (or refuses to deal with) major fiscal issues which we face as a nation, then for certain we could within a few short years see what so many have predicted for so long.
“A modest man,” Winston Churchill supposedly quipped about Clement Attlee, his successor as prime minister, “but then he has so much to be modest about.” We should say the same about economists, particularly their ability to forecast anything in a useful and timely manner.
Those predicting an imminent American economic decline have usually been no exception. This time, though, they may be on to something.
Prevailing arguments about when the era of U.S. dominance would end, and which country would supplant it, have been wildly and consistently wrong for half a century. In the 1950s, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev was taken seriously when he told Western ambassadors “We will bury you.”
Today, his country no longer exists. In the 1980s, Japan was supposedly going to be No. 1; now the question is whether the precipitous decline in its working-age population will generate a fiscal crisis.
The Germans — or Europeans more broadly — were thought to be on the brink of elbowing aside the U.S. several times, including in the run-up to the global financial crisis in 2008, when the euro seemed to threaten the dollar’s role as the pre- eminent reserve currency.
Remember when Brazilian model Gisele Bundchen was quoted as saying she preferred to be paid in euros? Now the euro-area economy looks very sick indeed, and Ms. Bundchen is apparently long American icons (she married football player Tom Brady).
First, do they have secure property rights for individuals? Who would trust their rainy-day funds or their most innovative ideas in a country where, when the going gets tough, the state gets your stuff?
China has a big current-account surplus and lots of foreign-exchange reserves. They also have a 2,000-year tradition of putting the government before the individual. Think about all the ways this went wrong for the Soviet Union.
Second, is the financial system viable in its current form? Japan had a great economic-transformation story — and an even greater debt-fueled asset-price bubble when its banks went mad in the mid-1980s. How confident are you that China, Brazil or other emerging markets aren’t headed down the same road?
Third, is debt — both public and private — on an unsustainable path? Mismanaged debt has brought Europe to its current low point, both in the form of direct public borrowing (see Greece) and in the equally painful form of private-sector borrowing that goes bad, with nasty implications for the government’s balance sheet (ask the Irish and Spanish about this).
Even so, the U.S. has serious economic, social and political problems. Just look at the current budget debacle. Democrats and Republicans are at each other’s throats, struggling theatrically, rather like Holmes and Moriarty above Reichenbach Falls.
If they get a fiscal deal done in the next few weeks, do you really think it will result in a sensible tax system, or bring long-term health-care spending under control? Are we going to invest more in education? Will we really have a frank discussion about what kind of social-insurance programs we want, and how to pay for them?
I’m also well aware that incentives to take excessive risk remain at the heart of Wall Street. The Dodd-Frank financial reforms contain some useful measures but do too little to significantly alter the balance of power between global megabanks and the rest of us.
The Federal Reserve seems to be edging in the right direction on regulation but it is moving too slowly to make any difference for the next cycle.
And the U.S. is now entering perhaps the most dangerous phase of its long-standing tax revolt, in which Republicans insist on holding down federal revenue while the population is aging, but they won’t propose specific cuts in social programs, precisely because they know that Medicare and Social Security remain immensely popular.
As a result, the political logic of the moment leads to continued increases in U.S. government borrowing, about half of which is financed, for now, by international savings at low interest rates. Our post-crisis monetary policy is contriving to keep those rates very low for a long time, presumably setting the table for a further round of mismanaged risk taking in the financial sector (just as it did after 2001).
So while no country will rise up to take America’s place as the world’s leading economy, its global position is indeed threatened — by its own reluctance to have an honest conversation about the federal budget and by the unwillingness of its political leadership to confront powerful interests on Wall Street.
Sooner or later, it will be America’s turn to fall out of favor with investors and to see its own interest rates rise. It is hard to know when that day will come, or precisely what pressures the country will face.
Let me only venture one forecast: We will not be ready.
Copyright © 2010 - Black Quill and Ink FAIR USE NOTICE: For all videos and anything used on this site: "Information, including content and videos, contained in this blog or on my Facebook site may contain copyrighted material. Such material is made available for educational purposes, to advance understanding of human rights, democracy, scientific, moral, ethical, and social justice issues, etc. This constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 of the US Copyright Law. This material is distributed without profit. . The views and opinions expressed here are those of the author and in no way reflect the opinions or views of BQI or its management. Where controversial views are expressed they may be allowed to remain on this site as a means to gain knowledge on a particular subject matter.